Natural Vegetation & Wildlife

  • Natural vegetation is classified into three categories:
    • Forests – Grow where temperature and rainfall are plentiful.
    • Grasslands – Grow in the regions with moderate rain.
    • Shrubs – Grow in dry region.
  • Types of Forests are:
    • Tropical Evergreen Forests:
    • Found in the regions near equator and close to the tropics.
    • Receives hot and heavy rainfall throughout the year.
    • Trees do not shed their leaves altogether.
    • Trees grown here – Ebony, Mahogany, Rosewood, etc.
    • Tropical Deciduous Forests:
    • Found in the large part of India, northern Australia and in Central America.
    • They experience seasonal changes.
    • Trees grown here – Sal, Teak, Neem, etc.
    • Animals found here – Tigers, Lions, Elephants, etc.
    • Temperate Evergreen Forests:
    • Located in mid-latitudinal coastal regions.
    • Commonly found along the eastern margins of continents.
    • Found in South East USA, South China and in South East Brazil.
    • Trees found here – Oak, Pine, Eucalyptus, etc.
    • Temperate Deciduous Forests:
    • Found in higher latitudes.
    • Found in North Eastern part of USA, China, New Zealand, Chile and coastal regions of Western Europe.
    • Trees grown here – Oak, Ash, Beech, etc.
    • Animals found here – Deer, Foxes, Wolves, etc.
    • Mediterranean Vegetation:
    • Are known as “Orchard of the world” for their fruit cultivation.
    • Found in west and south-west margins of the continents.
    • Found in areas around Mediterranean sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
    • Also found in California in USA, South West Africa, South Western South America and South West Australia.
    • They have hot dry summers and mild rainy winters.
    • Fruits cultivated here – Figs, Oranges, Olives, etc.
    • Coniferous Forests:
    • Also known as “Taiga”.
    • Found in higher latitudes ( 50o – 70o ) of Northern hemisphere.
    • Trees grown here – Chir, Pine, Cedar, etc.
    • Animals found here – Mink, Polar Bear, Silver Fox, etc.
  • Types of Grasslands:
    • Tropical Grasslands:
    • Grow on either side of equator and extend till the tropics.
    • Grows in areas with moderate to low amount of rainfall.
    • They grow about 3 to 4 metres in height.
    • Animals found here – Elephants, Zebra, Deer, etc.
    • Different names of tropical grasslands in different regions:
    • East Africa – Savanna
    • Brazil – Campos
    • Venezuela – Llanos
    • Temperate Grasslands:
    • Found in mid-latitudinal zones and in interior parts of continents.
    • Grass is short and nutritious.
    • Animals found here – Wild buffaloes, Bison, Antelopes, etc.
    • Different names of temperate grasslands in different regions:
    • Argentina – Pampas
    • North America – Prairie
    • South Africa – Veld
    • Central Asia – Steppe
    • Australia – Down
    • Thorny Bushes:
    • Found in western margins of continents.
    • Vegetation is scarce.
    • Experience scanty rain and scorching heat.
    • Tundra:
    • Found in polar areas of Europe, Asia and North America.
    • Experiences extreme cold.
    • Only lichens, mosses and small shrubs grow here.
    • Animals found here – Musk-oxen, Walruses, Polar bear, etc.

Published by Priya Prakash

In the midst of winter, i found there was within me an invincible summer ~ Albert Camus

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