Urban Administration


Municipal Corporation:

  • Cities with a large population have Municipal Corporations.
  • Cities are divided into wards and each ward elects a Ward Councillor.
  • The number of councillors vary according to the size of the city.
  • Any person who is 21 years or above who want to be a ward councillor can contest the election.
  • They are elected for 5 years.
  • All elected councillors are members of General Council.
  • The General Council decides the important issues pertaining the city.
  • The councillors put forward their problems in the council and seek solutions.
  • The General Council also has members like MLAs, MPs, and distinguished residents of the city.
  • These members of General Council elect a Mayor and a Deputy Mayor.
  • Committees are made to carry out day-to-day work.
  • Each committee comprises of councillors and a Chairperson.
  • The Municipal Corporation has a Chief Executive Officer known as Commissioner, who is appointed by government to implement the decisions made by the committees.
  • The Municipal Corporation gets its income from taxes, government grants, etc.


Some of the functions of Municipal Corporation are:

  • to issue birth and death certificates.
  • to build graveyards and crematoriums.
  • to set up hospitals and organise health camps.
  • to provide water and electricity.
  • to maintain streets, drainage system, street lights, etc.
  • to arrange proper garbage disposal.
  • to build schools, libraries, parks, museums, bridges, etc.
  • to check adulteration of food.
  • to arrange vaccination programmes.


Municipal Council:

  • Towns with a population of less than ten lakh have Municipal Council or Municipality.
  • It is elected for five years.
  • The city is divided into wards and each ward elects a member.
  • Anyone who is 21 or above can contest in the election.
  • Generally, Municipal Councils have 15 or 16 members.
  • Some seats are reserved for SC/ST/OBC members and women members, and some seats are reserved for MPs, MLAs and other members who have experience in municipal administration.
  • The members of Municipality elect a Chairperson and a Vice Chairperson.
  • Municipalities also have a Commissioner or President.


Nagar Panchayats:

  • They are set up in places which are changing from rural to urban.
  • It is elected for five years.
  • It has elected, nominated ex-officio members.
  • The members undertake developmental activities in their particular area.


Published by Priya Prakash

In the midst of winter, i found there was within me an invincible summer ~ Albert Camus

7 thoughts on “Urban Administration

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