Answer the following questions briefly:
a) Which winds bring rainfall in India ? Why is it so important ?
Ans: Monsoon winds bring rainfall in India. It is so important because agriculture is dependent on rains.
b) Name the different seasons in India.
Ans: The major seasons of India are:
- Cold weather season (winter) – December to February
- Hot weather season (summer) – March to May
- Southwest monsoon season (rainy) – June to September
- Season of retreating monsoon (autumn) – October and November
c) What is natural vegetation ?
Ans: The grasses, shrubs and trees, which grow on their own without interference or help from human beings are called natural vegetation.
d) Name the different types of vegetation found in India.
Ans: The different types of vegetation found in India are:
- Tropical evergreen forests
- Tropical deciduous forests
- Thorny bushes
- Mountain vegetation
- Mangrove forests
e) What is the difference between evergreen forest and deciduous forest ?
|Evergreen forest||Deciduous forest|
|They are so dense that sunlight doesn’t reach the ground.||They are less dense.|
|They shed their leaves at different times of the year.||They shed their leaves at a particular time of the year.|
|Trees like ebony, mahogany and rosewood are found here.||Trees like peepal, sal and teak are found here.|
|They are found in Andaman & Nicobar islands, parts of North-Eastern states, etc.||They are found in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, etc.|
f) Why is tropical rainforest also called evergreen forest ?
Ans: The trees of tropical rainforest shed their leaves at different times of the year. As a result, they appear green always. Thus, they are also called evergreen forest.