Ch – 6 Understanding Our Criminal Justice System

Q.1: In __________ offence, the police may arrest a person without the permission of the court.

a) cognizable

b) non-cognizable

c) criminal

Q.2: The person who is called upon in the court to provide a first-hand account of what he/she has seen, heard or knows, is known as _______________.

a) witness

b) victim

c) accused

Q.3: Article 21 guarantees _________________.

a) Right to Equality

b) Right to Life

c) Right Against Exploitation

Q.4: _____________ represents the interests of the Sate.

a) Prosecutor

b) Defence lawyer

c) Both

Q.5: Why is a criminal offence regarded as a public wrong ?

a) Because it is crime committed against society as a whole.

b) Because it hurts the feelings of a large number of people.

c) None

Q.6: According to Article __________ of our Constitution, every person has a Fundamental Right to be defended by a lawyer.

a) 24

b) 22

c) 28

Q.7: Which of the following statements is correct about police investigations ?

a) It has to be conducted with full respect for human rights.

b) It can be conducted in any manner even if it defies the rule of law.

c) Police collects evidences and records statements of witnesses at the end of the investigation.

Q.8: Article __________ of the Constitution, places a duty upon the State to provide a lawyer to any citizen who is unable to engage one due to poverty or other disability.

a) 40A

b) 39A

c) 22A

Q.9: Which of the following is NOT included in D.K.Basu Guidelines ?

a) The person arrested, detained or being interrogated has no right to inform a relative or well-wisher.

b) A memo of arrest should be made at the time of arrest and it should include the date and time of the arrest.

c) The police officials who are carrying out investigation should wear clean uniforms and name tags with their designations.

Q.10: Which of the following Fundamental Rights are granted to the arrested person ?

i) The Right to be presented before magistrate within 24 hours of arrest.

ii) Confessions made in police custody can be used as evidence against the accused.

iii) The Right not to be ill-treated or tortured during the arrest or in custody.

a) only iii

b) i and ii

c) i, ii and iii


  1. a
  2. a
  3. b
  4. a
  5. a
  6. b
  7. a
  8. b
  9. a
  10. b

Published by Priya Prakash

In the midst of winter, i found there was within me an invincible summer ~ Albert Camus

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