Q: Answer the following questions briefly :
a) What are the three components of a map ?
Ans: The three components of a map – distance, direction and symbol.
b) What are the four cardinal directions ?
Ans: The four cardinal directions are North South, East and West.
c) What do you mean by the term ‘the scale of the map’ ?
Ans: Scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.
d) How are maps more helpful than a globe ?
Ans: When we want to study about only a part of the earth, as about our country, states, towns, villages and districts, maps are more helpful than a globe.
e) Distinguish between a map and a plan.
|A map is a representation or a drawing of earth’s surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to a scale.||A plan is a drawing of a small area on a large scale.|
|It gives less information compared to a plan.||It gives more information than a map.|
f) Which map provides detailed information ?
Ans: Thematic maps provide detailed information.
g) How do symbols help in reading maps ?
Ans: Symbols give a lot of information in a limited space. With the help of symbols maps can be drawn easily and are simple to read. Even if you don’t know the language of that region, you can collect information from maps with the help of these symbols.