Ch – 3 Fibre To Fabric

  • Fabric is made from yarn.
  • Yarn is made from fibre.
  • Fibres are of two types: natural and artificial.
  • Some of the natural fibres are cotton, silk, etc.
  • Natural fibres are obtained from plant or animal.
  • Some of the artificial fibres are polyester, nylon, etc.
  • The other name of artificial fibres is synthetic fibres.
  • The fruits of the cotton plants are known as ‘cotton bolls’.
  • When the bolls mature, they burst open, and we can get cotton fibre.
  • Hand-picking method is used to collect cotton fibre.
  • Fibres are separated from seeds by the process of ginning.
  • Jute is obtained from the stem of jute plant.
  • Jute mainly grows in West Bengal, Assam and Bihar.
  • It is cultivated in rainy season.
  • The jute plant is normally harvested when it is at flowering stage.
  • The stems of the harvested plants are immersed in water for a few days.
  • The stems rot and fibres are by hands.
  • The process of making yarn from fibres is called spinning.
  • A simple device used for spinning is a hand spindle, also called takli.
  • Another hand operated device used for spinning is charkha.
  • The process of arranging two sets of yarns together to make a fabric is called weaving.
  • To popularise and promote khadi, the Government of India constituted a body called Khadi and Village Industries Commission in 1956.
  • The two main processes by which fabrics are made from yarns are weaving and knitting.
  • Weaving of fabric is done on looms.
  • In knitting, a single yarn is used to make a piece of fabric.
  • In ancient times people used the bark and big leaves of trees or animal skins and furs to cover themselves.
  • After people began to settle in agricultural communities, they learnt to weave twigs and grass into mats and baskets.
  • Vines, animal fleece or hair were twisted together into long strands and were woven into fabrics.
  • The early Indians wore fabrics made out of cotton that grew in the regions near the river Ganga.
  • In ancient Egypt, cotton as well as flax were cultivated near the river Nile and were used for making fabrics.

Published by Priya Prakash

In the midst of winter, i found there was within me an invincible summer ~ Albert Camus

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