Ch – 1 The Story Of Village Palampur (Q-A)

Q.1: Which is the main production activity in the villages across India ?

Ans: Farming is the main production activity in the villages across India.

Q.2: Name few non-farming activities.

Ans: Few non-farming activities are small manufacturing, transport, shop-keeping, etc.

Q.3: What is the aim of production ?

Ans: The aim of production is to produce goods and services that customers want.

Q.4: What are the four requirements for production of goods and services ?

Ans: The four requirements for production of goods and services are:

  • Land – The first requirement is land and other natural resources such as water, forests, minerals.
  • Labour – Some production work requires skilled workers to do the necessary tasks while others require workers to do the manual job.
  • Physical Capital – The inputs required at every stage during production.
  • Human Capital – The knowledge and enterprise to put the land, labour and physical capital together and produce an output.

Q.5: Name the types of physical capital.

Ans: The two types of physical capital are: Working capital ( Money on hand, raw materials ) and Fixed capital ( tools, machines, buildings ).

Q.6: What do you mean by factors of production ?

Ans: Every production is organised by combining land, labour, physical capital and human capital, which are known as factors of production.

Q.7: What is the standard unit of measuring land ?

Ans: The standard unit of measuring land is hectare.

Q.8: Which units are used to measure land in villages ?

Ans: Units such as bigha, guintha, etc. are used to measure land in villages.

Q.9: What does one hectare equal to ?

Ans: One hectare equals to the area of a square with one side measuring 100 metres.

Q.10: What per cent of total cultivated area in the country is irrigated today ?

Ans: A little less than 40 per cent of total cultivated area in the country is irrigated even today.

Q.11: How is yield measured ?

Ans: Yield is measured as crop produced on a given piece of land during a single season.

Q.12: Write about the difference between traditional and modern farming methods:

Traditional Farming MethodModern Farming Method
Traditional seeds are used.High yielding varieties of seeds are used.
Farmers use cow-dung and other natural manure as fertilizers.Farmers use chemical fertilizers.
Traditional seeds give low yield.HYV seeds give high yield.
Less irrigation is required.More irrigation is required.

Q.13: Which farmers were the first to try out modern methods of farming ?

Ans: The farmers of Haryana, Punjab and Western Uttar Pradesh were the first to try out modern methods of farming.

Q.14: What are the cons of modern methods of farming ?

Ans: The cons of modern methods of farming are:

  • Loss of soil fertility due to the increasing use of chemical fertilizers.
  • Reduction in water table below the ground, due to the continuous use of ground water.
  • Overuse of natural resources.
  • Expensive as farmer has to buy everything from the market.
  • Chemical fertilizers cause pollution.

Q.15: Which is the most abundant factor of production ?

Ans: Labour is the most abundant factor of production.

Q.16: From whom do small farmers borrow money ?

Ans: Small farmers borrow money from large farmers or money lenders.

Published by Priya Prakash

In the midst of winter, i found there was within me an invincible summer ~ Albert Camus

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