Ch – 3 Poverty As A Challenge

Q.1: The poverty line is estimated periodically, normally every _______ years. a) seven b) two c) five Q.2: The Millennium Development Goals of the United Nations calls for reducing the proportion of people living on less than one dollar a day to half the 1990 level by _________. a) 2020 b) 2022 c) 2015 Q.3:Continue reading “Ch – 3 Poverty As A Challenge”

Ch – 5 Working Of Institutions (Part 3)

Political Executive: At different levels of government, there are functionaries who take day-to-day decisions but do not exercise supreme power on behalf of people, such persons are known as “executives“. They execute the decisions taken by the government. In India, there are two types of executives: One who is directly elected by people for aContinue reading “Ch – 5 Working Of Institutions (Part 3)”

Ch – 5 Working Of Institutions (Part 2)

In this session, we will study about the institution – Parliament, where all the major decisions are presented, debated, approved or rejected. Parliament is a national assembly of elected representatives. Importance Of A Parliament: It is the final authority for making laws in any country. It exercises a control over the ruling government. ItContinue reading “Ch – 5 Working Of Institutions (Part 2)”

Ch – 5 Working Of Institutions (Part 1)

To make democracy work, leaders have to work with or within institutions. In this chapter, we will discuss about the roles of the three major institutions – legislature, executive and judiciary. We will learn how a major policy decision is taken with the help of an example: A Government Order: On August 13, 1990,Continue reading “Ch – 5 Working Of Institutions (Part 1)”

Ch – 4 Electoral Politics ( Part 2 )

Election Campaign: Election campaign is a chance for the parties to woo the voters. In India, the official campaign time period is a two week period between the announcement of the final list of candidates and the date of polling. But actually the campaigns start months before the elections actually take place. During the campaigns,Continue reading “Ch – 4 Electoral Politics ( Part 2 )”