Let’s Recall Q.4: What kind of exchanges took place between nomadic pastoralists and settled agriculturists ?
Q.1: Gaddi shepherds of Himachal Pradesh spend their winter in the low hills of ______________ range. a) Himadri b) Himalaya c) Shiwalik Q.2: Gujjar cattle herders live in ________ made of ringals and grass from the Bugyal. a) shikaras b) huts c) mandaps Q.3: Gujjar Bakarwals of ________________ are great herders of goat and sheep.Continue reading “Ch – 5 Pastoralists In The Modern World”
When the society was divided based on varnas, there were still some communities that did not follow the social rules prescribed by the Brahmins. Those communities were often called as Tribes. Tribal Societies: The members were united by kinship bonds. They usually lived in forests, hills, and deserts. They obtained their livelihood from agriculture, hunting-gatheringContinue reading “Ch – 7 Tribes, Nomads & Settled Communities”
In earlier times, the society was divided was divided on the basis of varnas. The societies which were neither divided by varnas nor did they follow the rituals prescribed by Brahmanas. Such societies are often referred as “tribes”. Members of tribes were united by kinship bonds. They earned their livelihood through agriculture, hunting-gathering or herding.Continue reading “Ch – 7 Tribes, Nomads And Settled Communities”